Balancing livelihoods, conservation and biodiversity through landscape approaches assessed by GLF Climate

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Woman cleaning maize in Ghana. Axel Fassio

When the World Landscapes Forum (GLF) Climate: the frontiers of change opens this week on the sidelines of the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, it will bring new focus to a burgeoning initiative offering a large-scale working model to reconcile livelihood, environment and biodiversity goals – all in dealing with climate change.

Early research results come from the application of Integrated Landscape Approaches (AIL) – bringing together stakeholders with varied and often conflicting concerns in a shared landscape – in three countries: Ghana, Indonesia and Zambia.

Members of the COLANDS initiative will explain these findings in addition to outstanding questions and significant knowledge gaps at the GLF conference November 5-7, 2021.

COLANDS results may offer lessons for implementing ILAs at scale, but the key to success is recognizing that solutions are complex and need to be tailored to the specific landscape – one size won’t be enough for all, says James Reed, scientist at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and team leader with COLANDS: Collaborating to Operationalize Landscape Approaches for Nature, Development and Sustainability.

“People too often focus on one goal, one goal, and what we’re trying to do is help them understand that there isn’t just one way or just one. approach… each approach must have different components, ”explains Reed. “There has to be a great mix of policies and interventions. “

The heart of ILAs is bringing together parties who share a landscape to determine how they can work together, says Terry Sunderland, professor of tropical forestry at the University of British Columbia and senior research associate at CIFOR. He is also a member of the COLANDS initiative, which started three years ago.

“By reporting on the progress made, in terms of how to bring stakeholders together, develop a unified theory of change and negotiate a shared vision of landscapes, we can potentially resolve competing land use challenges and help the GLF and other projects to match their rhetoric to realities, ”Sunderland says.

The priorities of the COLANDS initiative align with the three-part theme of the GLF Climate Conference, which seeks to mitigate and reduce the impacts of climate change through forest protection and restoration, systems transformation food to end hunger while promoting sustainable production; and expanding sustainable finance.

To achieve this, the conference will bring together the GLF community of 250,000 people from 185 countries who will hear from more than 200 speakers, including policymakers, indigenous leaders, young activists, politicians, financiers and scientists working to accelerate the action to achieve the Paris Climate Agreement. change targets to limit global warming to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius.

GLF conference opens Friday with first spotlight on forests, including discussions on international restoration commitments, the role of local communities and indigenous peoples, sustainable use of forests and deforestation commitments zero. The UK, which holds the COP Presidency this year, has a particular focus on forests and trees, and as COP26 opened this week, the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forest and Land Use was signed by the presidents and prime ministers of countries that are major producers and consumers of deforestation-related products who are committed to protecting forest ecosystems.

The second day of the GLF conference highlights transformations in food systems, focusing on the relationship between people and the environments on which they depend. The subject is topical as rates of global food production increase, as well as rates of hunger and malnutrition.

The last day will be devoted to finance, with GLF Climate’s “Investment Case for the Planet” which will take stock of the ongoing debate on sustainable climate and landscape finance and address issues such as the financing of a climate and landscape. green and fair recovery post-COVID.

“Project to Process: Pitfalls and Potential for Implementing Long-Term Integrated Landscape Approaches,” Saturday’s COLANDS session, will present tools and techniques for implementing integrated approaches to more explicitly address them. power, gender, equity and conflict issues.

Speakers will explain how to better integrate gender and social inclusion into landscape approaches, and why measuring multidimensional human well-being is important for successful integrated landscape approaches, explains Reed.

“But at the end of the day, it’s also very important to work to protect the rights of people and to ensure that justice is at the center of all of these solutions.”

COLANDS is supported by the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and is a consortium of partners led by CIFOR and composed of the University of British Columbia (UBC), the University of Amsterdam (UvA), the French University of Agriculture

International Development Research Center (CIRAD), and local and political partners from implementing countries.

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