This Day in History — September 9

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On this day in 2015, Queen Elizabeth II becomes Britain’s longest-serving monarch. She beats the record set by Queen Victoria, who ascended the throne on June 20, 1837 and reigned for 63 years, 7 months and 2 days.

Today is the 252nd day of 2022. There are 113 days left in the year.

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE DAY

1991: Saudi Arabia releases 400 Iraqi citizens held in the kingdom in exchange for a Saudi prisoner of war and a Saudi woman held in Iraq.

OTHER EVENTS

490 BC. AD: The Battle of Marathon takes place between the invading Persian army and the Athenian army. The marathon race is derived from the events that unfolded around this battle.

1543: Nine-month-old Mary Stuart is crowned Queen of Scotland in the town of Stirling in central Scotland.

1585: Pope Sixtus V excommunicates Henry of Navarre from France.

1776: The Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia changes the name from “United Colonies” to “United States”.

1835: The “September laws” in France severely censor the press and suppress the radical movement.

1836: Abraham Lincoln receives his license to practice law.

1850: California becomes the 31st state to join the union.

1894: Sun Yat-sen leads his first attempt at revolution in China. The revolt did not succeed until 1911.

1948: The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is formed in North Korea, claiming authority over the entire country.

1957: US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs into law the first civil rights bill to pass the US Congress since the Civil War.

1971: Prisoners take control of the maximum-security Attica Correctional Facility near Buffalo, New York, triggering a siege that leaves 43 dead.

1974: US President Gerald Ford is heavily criticized in Congress for pardoning former President Richard Nixon.

1981: Nicaragua declares a state of economic emergency and bans strikes.

1991: Tajikistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union. The Central Asian country had been conquered by Russia at the end of the 19th century. (In 1929, the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic was established as a constituent republic of the Soviet Union. Independence in 1991 came after the collapse of the USSR.)

1992: In an effort to defuse tensions with UN forces, the Khmer Rouge, Cambodia’s radical communist movement that ruled the country from 1975 to 1979, invite the chief peacekeeper to their isolated base.

1994: The United States agrees to accept at least 20,000 Cuban immigrants a year in exchange for Cuba’s promise to stop people boarding rafts and trying to sail to America. The space shuttle Discovery lifts off for an 11-day mission.

1995: NATO warplanes return to the skies over Bosnia to attack repaired Serbian air defenses and recognize that the attacks likely killed civilians. Amtrak’s Broadway Limited service makes its final run between New York, NY, and Chicago, IL.

1996: Typhoon Sally hits coastal areas of Guangdong, China’s most developed province, killing more than 130 people and injuring thousands.

1997: Sinn Fein, the IRA’s political ally, formally renounce violence as it takes its place in talks over the future of Northern Ireland.

1998: Independent prosecutor Kenneth Starr submits a report to the US Congress on possible inscrutable wrongdoing by US President Bill Clinton. Four tourists who had paid $32,500 each were taken by submarine to view the wreckage of the Titanic. The ship is two miles under the Atlantic off Newfoundland.

1999: The Sega Dreamcast game system goes on sale. As of 1:00 p.m., all Toys R Us locations in the United States were sold out.

2000: Gunmen injure three people at a beauty salon in Kashmir, 24 hours after warning women to wear veils in public or face being shot. The group said to be behind the warning denies making such a threat.

2003: The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston, Massachusetts, and attorneys representing 552 alleged victims of sexual abuse by priests announce a legal settlement worth up to US$85 million.

2005: President Hosni Mubarak is officially declared the winner of Egypt’s first contested presidential elections, but the vote is marred by a lower than expected turnout of 23%.

2006: Tens of thousands of protesters dressed in red invade the Taiwanese capital, demanding the resignation of President Chen Shui-bian following a series of alleged corruption scandals involving his family and those around him.

2007: Liberia sends its first shipment of diamonds since the lifting of United Nations sanctions imposed in 2001 that blocked the export of so-called blood diamonds used to fuel years of war. End of Manuel Noriega’s sentence in the United States. (Manuel Noriega, former military leader of Panama, was released after 17 years in the United States. He was imprisoned for drug trafficking, money laundering and racketeering.)

2008: Asif Ali Zardari, the widower of slain former Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto, takes office as President of Pakistan. The iTunes Music Store hits 100 million apps downloaded.

2009: The iTunes Music Store reaches 1.8 billion apps downloaded. The first photographs of the self-proclaimed 9/11 mastermind at Guantanamo Bay have appeared on the internet, and experts say images of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed are being used by terrorist groups to inspire attacks on the United States.

2010: Iran declares it will release Sarah Shourd, one of three American hikers jailed for more than 13 months, as a clemency to mark the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.

2013: US President Barack Obama calls a Russian-backed plan for Syria to surrender all of its chemical weapons for destruction as a “potentially positive development” that could prevent threatened US airstrikes.

2014: Apple unveils iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, Apple Watch, Apple Watch Sport and Apple Watch Edition.

2015: Queen Elizabeth II becomes Britain’s longest-serving monarch. She beats the record set by Queen Victoria, who ascended the throne on June 20, 1837 and reigned for 63 years, 7 months and 2 days.

TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS

Otis Redding, American soul singer-songwriter (1941-1967); Hugh Grant, British actor (1960-); Adam Sandler, American actor (1966- ); Michelle Williams, American actress (1980- )

—PA

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